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You might want to reduce weight after reading this about Obesity

Two Metrics that can help you identify if you are obese or not…

The truth has been out for a very long time that obesity has been the cause of some of the most serious health problems we are facing today. These include heart diseases, diabetes abnormal blood pressure etc., in some cases even cancer. This write-up is an attempt to impart knowledge about health conditions that is linked to excess weight. Additionally, the endeavour is to explain how reaching and maintaining an optimal weight may help you and your loved ones remain healthier as you grow older.

When do you know that you are overweight?

Gaining a few extra pounds during the year may not seem like a big deal. But these pounds can accrue up over time. How can one pin point if his weight could amplify the chances of developing health problems? Understanding two numbers should help in understanding this risk: They are the body mass index (BMI) score and the waist size.

BMI or Body Mass Index is one way to classify if an individual is normal, overweight or obese. It measures the weight in relation to one’s height and gives a score to help identify level of weight normalcy:

  • If an individuals’ BMI falls between 18.5 to 24.9, then he is classified to have normal weight
  • BMI between 25 to 29.9 is considered to be overweight and anything above 30 is deemed to be obese

One another great way to identify obesity is via one’s waist size. Having too much fat around your waist may amplify health related risks even more than having fat in other parts of your body. In case of women, a waist size of anything higher than 35 inches and in men anything higher than 40 inches is considered a symptom of obesity. Having such numbers as waist sizes can increase chances of developing diseases related to obesity.‚Äč

I’ll effects of Obesity 

Obesity being one of the primary reasons to plethora of health related problems, it’s imperative to discuss some of these problems that you should be aware off – Here we go.  

  1. Heart related issues –Obesity can cause abnormal heart rhythms called arrhythmias, which, when severe, can lead to heart stoppage (cardiac arrest). Obesity also causes increased cholesterol amount in the blood leading to blockages in the blood vessels which in turn leads high blood pressure, while increasing chances of heart attacks. 
  2. Diabetes (Type 2) - Obesity increases the chances of acquiring diabetes type 2. In fact, most of obese adults either have type 2 diabetes or show symptoms of pre-diabetes. 
  3. Obesity related Cancer – Yes, Obesity can lead to certain types of cancer (https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/obesity/obesity-fact-sheet#q4 ). Esophageal adenocarcinoma, Endometrial cancer, Gastric cardia cancer etc are some of the typical types of cancers the causes of which primarily correlate with obesity.
  4. Liver Ailments – Couple of liver ailments too are related to one’s metabolic origin, associated with obesity. Read more - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18987273. Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NFLD) is more likely to happen to those who are middle-aged and overweight/obese.
  5. Kidney Ailments – Individuals who are obese or overweight have higher chances of developing diabetes or high blood pressure, which are the leading causes of kidney disease and renal failure.
  6. Bone Related Issues – Most of musculoskeletal disorders are associated with obesity. Obesity time and again emerges as one of the key and potentially modifiable risk parameter in the onset and progression of bone related conditions of the hip, knee, ankle, foot and shoulder. Arthritis is one of the most common bone related disorder developed by overweight individuals. 
  7. Pregnancy Related Ailments - Obesity during pregnancy puts you at risk of several serious health problems, including Sleep apnea, Preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy which might cause liver and kidney failure; and in rare cases can lead to stroke ), Gestational diabetes ( which increases the risk of having a cesarean delivery)

Ways to reduce weight/overcome obesity

  1. Maintain an active lifestyle – Give your body ample exercise; do not miss your planned days at the gym or the daily yoga sessions.
  2. Eat healthy - Eat more fruit, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains; reduce on sugar, oil and fatty foods; replace carbohydrate rich foods with protein rich ones; drink loads of water and fresh juice; completely avoid soda; limit your intake of alcoholic beverages
  3. Prevention is better than cure – Check your BMI and Waist size regularly. Make course corrections in your exercise and diet regimes accordingly. 

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